ANAMED WB is a food attractant for fruit flies, it assists insecticide effectiveness. This combination of an attractant plus a killing agent is a new and effective way of combating fruit fly pests. The creation of this product is the result of exclusive studies in Brazilian and North American research centers.
Fruit flies attack apple, grape, orange, peach, mango and others crops.
Use this product as an attractant for Tephritidae fruit flies, especially Anastrepha spp, Bractocera spp and Ceratitis capitata. Apply to agricultural crops where fruit flies are detected such as apple, grape, stone fruit, citrus, and mango crops. This product can be use in conjunction with insecticides to create a lethal yet attractive mixture.
Prepare the solution by mixing ANAMED WB with insecticide and water in a gallon.
Apply the mixture of ANAMED WB plus insecticide and water at the first detection of fruit flies in monitoring traps. One can use manual or mechanical sprayers to apply the desired amount of the lethal ANAMED WB mixture to the correct location.
A manual sprayer can be helpful in applying the ANAMED WB and insecticide mixture to the crop. Apply to the leaves and avoid the fruit.
ANAMED WB is effective before fly oviposition. It decreases the potential for crop damage by reducing the amount of fly eggs.
The attractant in this product sets it apart from other methods of pest control, because the flies are actually attracted to the application site and are tempted to eat the product despite its lethal effect on them. The product contains insecticide in it and kills the fly once ingested. This product decreases insect tolerance to insecticides since it reduces the amount of insecticide the insects are exposed to. The product also only targets the specific pest, therefore natural enemies and pollinators are left unaffected. This is beneficial to the crop and the crops environment.
The use of ANAMED WB, when compared to conventional control methods, represents a great decrease in water consumption. In addition to reducing the number of insects and damage, the product optimizes the use of insecticides, in addition to the conservation of natural enemies.
Ceratitis capitata is commonly known as the fruit fly or the Mediterranean fly. It is a polyphagous, invasive species of fly. These flies reproduce rapidly, adapt easily to different temperatures, and feeds on a variety of hosts. This makes it an especially damaging pest. It causes significant damage and economic crop loss.It is present on all continents of the planet. In Oceania, there are records of its presence dating back to the end of the 19th century: It appeared in New South Wales, Australia in 1898. Ceratitis capitata is one of eight species in the subgenus Ceratitus s.s. Adult individuals can be identified by its thorax and wings. Males have two orbital bristles and their apex is black and diamond-shaped. Mediterranean flies can damage up to 100% of a crop. Researchers estimate that this fruit fly preys on around 370 host plants around the world. Fruit flies prey on peaches and citrus by piercing through the skin (epicarp) of the fruit for oviposition. The larvae then consume the pulp (mesocarp) and microorganisms enter through the opening in the skin causing the fruit to rot. In Central America, fruit flies attack coffee crops causing the berries to ripen prematurely and fall to the ground. This reduces the quality of the coffee product. These two examples reflect the detrimental effect on crops that fruit flies have. Fruit flies can decrease the quality of a crop’s product. Often attempts to control fruit flies also increase expenses needed to protect the crop. A physical barrier can be applied before fruit is attacked. It is also important to remove fallen fruit or leftovers immediately after harvesting. This helps to prevent potential breeding sites of the pest. These removed fruits should be spread in the sun far from fruit growing areas or even buried at least half a meter below into soil. This kills immature stages of the Ceratitis capitata.
Com ocorrências marcantes na América do Norte (Estados Unidos e México), América Central e toda a América do Sul, a Anastrepha fraterculus, ou mosca-das-frutas-sul-americana, é conhecida por seu alto poder de danificar os frutos dos pomares. A gama de hospedeiros da Anastrepha fraterculus é muito grande, mas geralmente há uma concentração em citrinos (limão, laranja, lima, tangerina), maçã, goiaba, mamão, pitanga, ameixa, uvaia, pêssego, nêspera e uva. O dano é provocado pela oviposição, realizada em bagas verdes, levando-as à queda. Nas maduras, as larvas alimentam-se da polpa, criando galerias e estragando os frutos. Além disso, favorecem o ataque de patógenos. Muitas vezes é necessário que um especialista identifique os adultos da A. fraterculus. Há uma grande similaridade entre as espécies e uma dificuldade de separar da Anastrepha sororcula, Anastrepha zenildae e Anastrepha turpiniae e também da Anastrepha obliqua e Anastrepha suspensa, além de diversas outras espécies do grupo fraterculus. Para reconhecer os indivíduos, é possível notar que os adultos apresentam as asas maculadas sendo que as fêmeas se diferenciam dos machos pela presença do ovipositor. A metade apical da asa registra duas marcações em forma de `V` invertido, uma encaixando na outra. Também há uma faixa ao longo da borda dianteira da asa, que vai de sua base até a metade do comprimento. O corpo é predominantemente amarelo a marrom-alaranjado, e as cerdas são marrom-avermelhadas a marrom-escuras. Já nos estágios imaturos, as larvas de terceiro ínstar medem de 8 a 9,5mm de comprimento e de 1,4 a 1,8mm de largura.
Bactrocera carambolae, also known as the Carambola fruit fly, is a quarantine pest that originated in Indonesia. It has been attacking crops in Asia, specifically Malaysia, India, Thailand, Sumatra, and East Timor. This pest was introduced to South America in the mid-1970s to Suriname, French Guiana, and Brazil. It is still present in Suriname, and it has caused the most concentrated damage in Amapá, Pará, and Roraima. It is capable of causing farmers severe socioeconomic and environmental losses in the each of the countries it inhabits. The Carambola fruit fly originated in Southeast Asia. There one can find 75 species of plants from 26 families that are recognized as hosts of this particular fruit fly. In South America, the fly preys on 20 hosts from nine families. B. carambolae’s primary hosts in Brazil are Averrhoa carambola (Oxalidaceae), Malphighia emarginata (Malpighiaceae), Psidium guajava (Myrtaceae), Pouteria caimito (Sapotaceae), Rollinia mucous (Annonaceae), and Spondias mombin (Anacardiaceae). This fruit fly gets its name from one of its primary target fruits: the carambola. It also feeds on mango, guava, jambo, acerola, and biribá. The insect carries out oviposition by piercing the fruit. The larvae feed on the fleshy content of the fruit, rotting it and causing them to fall prematurely from their trees. This results in produce non-viable for commerce. B. carambolae has yellow post-pronotal lobes, parallel lateral stained glass.